How to Prevent and Treat Fleas and Ticks in Dogs: 12 Effective Strategies

Updated on: Apr 28, 2023
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How to Prevent and Treat Fleas and Ticks in Dogs: 12 Effective Strategies

Fleas and ticks can be annoying and dangerous for our dogs. These pesky parasites can cause a lot of discomforts and even lead to health problems in dogs. 

There are plenty of ways to prevent them!

 Here are 12 effective methods to help keep your dog safe!

Consider using flea and tick prevention products to repel and kill fleas and ticks. 

These products come in different forms, like spot-on treatments, collars, and oral medications, and they work by killing and repelling fleas and ticks.

Spot-on treatments are really easy to use. You just apply them directly to your dog's skin, which can be effective for up to a month. These products contain potent chemicals like [imidacloprid](,%2C%20demodex%2C%20or%20ear%20mites.) and fipronil that kill fleas and ticks on contact. 

Collars are another option that can work for up to eight months. They release chemicals that repel and kill fleas and ticks, so your dog is always protected.

Oral medications are also effective and are usually given as pills or chewable tablets. They contain chemicals like lufenuron and spinosad that disrupt the nervous system of fleas and ticks, effectively killing them. 

Please note that some products might be unsafe for: 

  • puppies
  • pregnant or nursing dogs
  • dogs with certain medical conditions.

Regularly bathe and groom your dog.

Bathing your dog with flea and tick-repellent shampoo can be a great way to kill any pests already on their skin and fur. Do not go overboard with the bathing. Too much can dry out your dog's skin and remove the natural oils that help protect against pests.

Use a flea comb to effectively groom your dog and eliminate fleas and ticks. These combs have closely spaced teeth that can catch pests hiding in your dog's fur. 

Focus on your dog’s neck, ears, and tails when bathing them because this is where fleas and ticks congregate the most. 

Vacuum your home regularly.

These pesky parasites love to lay their eggs and larvae in  areas such as:

  • carpets
  • rugs
  • beddings
  • and other soft furnishings in your home

But by vacuuming regularly, you can remove those eggs and larvae before they can hatch and cause a full-blown infestation.

Using a vacuum with strong suction and a beater bar is essential to agitate those carpet fibers and pull up as much debris as possible. Vacuum all areas where your dog spends time, including the following: 


  • carpets
  • crate
  • rugs
  • upholstery
  • and bedding.

And don't forget about those areas around the baseboards - fleas, and ticks can hide in those areas too!

Wash and change your dog's bedding frequently. 

Number 4 is an important one - washing your dog's bedding regularly! 

You see, fleas and ticks love to lay eggs and hide in cozy places like your dog's bedding.

Wash it regularly with hot water at least once weekly, so it does not lead to a full-blown infestation. They can’t handle the heat, so hot water helps kill any fleas, ticks, or eggs that may be present.

But that's not all! 

Don't forget to wash any blankets, towels, and other items your dog uses. 

Treat your yard with a yard spray to kill any pests that may be present and reduce the risk of infestation.

Fleas and ticks also love to hide and breed in outdoor spaces like your yard, especially in areas with tall grass or wooded areas. So, it's essential to treat your yard with a yard spray that's specifically designed to kill fleas and ticks.

When picking a yard spray, choose one safe for pets and follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully. It's also essential to maintain your lawn by mowing it regularlyremoving any debris or leaf litter, and trimming back bushes or overgrown plants that could provide shelter for fleas and ticks.

Check your dog's fur and skin regularly.

Pay attention to areas around the neck, ears, and tail to catch the infestation early and prevent it from becoming a bigger problem**.** 

You'll also want to watch for flea dirt, basically flea poop that looks like tiny black specks in your dog's fur.

Remove any fleas or ticks immediately from your dog’s skin. Don't forget to dispose of them properly to prevent re-infestation.

Watch out for common symptoms, such as: 

  • itching
  • redness
  • or hair loss

Use a tick removal tool to remove fleas and ticks from your dog. 

Removing ticks as soon as possible is vital in minimizing the risk of your dog getting sick from any diseases the tick may carry.

Using a tick removal tool is the best way to ensure you remove the tick and don't leave any of its mouth parts behind in your dog's skin. 

To use the tool, grab the tick as close to your dog's skin as possible and pull it straight out. Avoid twisting or squeezing the tick because it can cause its mouthparts to break off and stay embedded in your dog's skin, leading to infection.

Clean the area with rubbing alcohol or soap and water after removing the fleas and ticks. You may also want to save the tick in a jar or plastic bag if your vet needs to identify or test the species for any diseases.

Wear gloves when removing ticks from your dog to protect you from any potential tick-borne illnesses. 

Treat your entire home to get rid of fleas and ticks in case of infestation. 

Fleas and ticks love to lay their eggs almost anywhere at home, which can lead to a never-ending cycle of infestation, even if you treat your dog.

To break this cycle, it's essential to treat your entire home. This means using sprays or foggers to remove fleas and ticks, washing bedding, and vacuuming carpets and furniture to remove any eggs and larvae. 

Call a professional extermination service to ensure all the pests are gone for good in case of severe infestation. 

Use natural remedies.

If you want a popular remedy for preventing fleas and ticks in dogs, try adding apple cider vinegar to your dog’s water. The vinegar can change the pH balance of your dog's skin, making it less attractive to pests.

Apple cider vinegar can be helpful, but it should not be the only preventive measure you use. Flea and tick prevention products are still the most effective way to protect your dog from infestations.

Some dogs may be sensitive to apple cider vinegar. They could experience upset stomachs if too much is added to their water. 

Use flea and tick prevention on other pets.

If one pet in your home has fleas or ticks, other pets will most likely become infected. You can use the same flea and tick prevention products on your pets. 

Still, it's essential to follow the instructions on the product label for the appropriate dosage and application method for each animal. Different pets may require different doses or application methods, so reading the label carefully is essential.

Understand the risks and take appropriate measures to protect your dog.

These pesky parasites can carry diseases like: 

  • Lyme disease
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  • [Ehrlichiosis]('err%2D,main%20carrier%20of%20this%20disease.)

These diseases can cause severe problems, like**:**

  • joint pain
  • fever
  • organ damage
  • or death.

So it's super important to watch for signs of these diseases and take steps to protect your pup. 

Consult your veterinarian immediately.

Your vet can give personalized recommendations on the best flea and tick prevention products for your dog. They can be based on their specific needs, especially those dogs with pre-existing health conditions. 

Veterinarian can help you: 

  • identify the signs of an infestation
  • run blood tests to check for any tick-borne diseases
  • and prevent a high risk of tick-borne illnesses.


Fleas and ticks are pesky parasites that can cause many discomfort and health issues for dogs. Taking proactive steps to protect your furry friend from these critters is important. You can start by using flea and tick prevention products, keeping your dog clean, and regularly checking for any signs of infestation. Keep your dog safe and healthy for years to come!

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